Wood eating insects are very dangerous. The most frequent wood eating bugs are termites and woodworms. They infest every kind of wooden element of a building, like timber and beams, doors and furniture up to window frames. The wood´s durability, including the most resistant woods, can not prevent the decay that is caused by biotic or atmospheric factors.
Wood pests produce severe damages in wood, because they digest the components of the cell walls, causing the decay of the wood. The result is a loss of density and strength, as well as structural changes. This is difficult to detect in the early stages of an infestation, as the pests are difficult to spot and hidden in the wood´s inner structure. Depending on the stage the wood starts losing strength, until it is destroyed completely in its structure, losing its mechanical qualities and support function.
The presence of wood bugs can often be detected through the exit holes that appear when insects like woodworm or Capricornus hatch. In the case of the termite, through the appearance of brown tunnels the termites use to move inside the wood. Furthermore, when you knock the wood and it sounds hollow, a wood pest infestation is very likely.
Wood-decay fungi are organisms that destroy the wood. Each species requieres a different treatment. The decay fungi grow on and inside the wood and weaken it. The release of enzymes leads to the decay of its different components.
Infested wood can be treated through the elimination of the wood eating insects and fungi that cause the decay of the wood.
The technical staff of Illes Control performs inspections to detect wood pest infestations in your home or business premises. The inspections allow us to evaluate the factors that lead to the appearance and distribution of the pest. Our technician is able to detect wood pest infestations in your home or business premises through acoustic and visual tests.
In order to realise an inspection of a building to detect termites, woodworms, fungi and other harming organisms, some tools are indespensable for the technician: an expert eye and experience. Furthermore, different tools are used to examine the inside of the wood and obtain information that otherwise would not be visible.
A device to amplify the sound caused by termites and woodworms inside the wood. A useful device to detect termites, which sounds in the inside of wood are very distinctive. The animals` tapping against the walls of the wooden structur is typical for termites and warns their fellow members of the species of dangers.
The hygrometer measures humidity as well in woods as in stone walls. For a risk analysis, it is recommended to determine the degree of moisture in a facility.
The device measures the moisture degree of the wood. The sensing electrode consists of needles jacketed with insulating material, without covering the point of the needle.
The device compares the electric conductivity of the wood with the moisture degree and displays it on a scale. An average moisture degree in wooden beams ranges between 14%-16%, depending on the type of wood and the geographical and individual location, as well as its function. (exterior, weather impact, protected location, etc.)
A device that uses microwaves to detect movements on the inside of building structures and wooden structures.
The device uses radar and measures movements up to a depth of 40 cm. The used microwaves are harmless. When the waves bounce back from an object like an insect, the device measures the distance and displays it in a graph. The more movement can be measured, the wider is the graph. This device is used on supporting walls, pillars, beams, frames, etc.
Termite baits These products kill termite colonies by stopping the development and growth of the (worker) termites.
The bait is placed at control stations that are located in the areas the termites infest. They eat the biocide (termiticide), that affects the biological organism of the termite, which causes the whole colony to die.
The active substances of these baits are called IGRs and consist of synthetic molecules that have a great persistence and durability and do not have any influence on the ecosystem. These synthetic hormones disrupt a termites ability to molt, causing its death. It disrupts the chitin production (chitin is the main element for skeletal growth of the termite), alters it and complicates the development of the termite, which makes it an easy prey to its natural enemies.
Spraying A treatment by spraying is convinient for raw, uncoated woods. The termites can be controlled by applying a protective coat of insecticide or fungicide on the woods´surface.
injection A treatment by injection is most convenient for structural elements like supporting beams, pillars, doorframes, etc. With this method, the whole wood that needs to be treated can be impregnated.
The treatment consists in the application of the insecticide/ fungicide with pressure valves. The valves are placed at a distance of aprox. 30 cm, with a drill bit of 9,5mm, to obtain an even distribution of the product on the wooden element. Number, distribution and size of the valves depend on the type of wood.
Microwaves At Illes Control, the wood treatment with microwaves is the physical method to kill wood-destroying pests. This system solves problems if facilities with stationary build wooden elements, that are difficult to disassemble, are infested: wooden floors, ceilings, beams, furniture, etc.
The technique is based on short waves that treat an infestation effectively, without causing structural damages. Therefor, it is a 100% secure system, that is odourless and environmentally friendly.